HEADWAY (OR FREQUENCY)
LeeTran's main strategy to improve the system has been to plan to increase the frequency of its routes, but the flaw of this strategy is that it wishes to increase frequency without addressing the need to synchronize its routes at the same time! Indeed, according to its Ten-Year Plan, it proposes to improve the frequency of its services -- without synchronizing -- at a cost in the millions of dollars! In contrast to LeeTran's plans to spend millions of dollars, the Pulse Plan requires no additional operating budget, or at least, if it costs anything at all, it would only be "pennies on the dollar." As we can see from our previous example on the Efficiency page, it does not require millions of dollars to double the headway of some routes (such as the San Carlos route.) All it takes is a commitment to using one's own resources in the best possible manner! The Pulse Plan does not seek to improve headway for headway's sake, but it manages to do so better than LeeTran's present services because it utilizes resources more efficiently. What the Pulse Plan tries to do with headway is to standardize it based on the sixty-minute interval. All routes are designed to be multiples of sixty minutes, for example, 120 minutes, 45 minutes, 30 minutes or 20 minutes. This is completely at odds with LeeTran's ignoring the benefits of synchronization with its severely odd-numbered headways of its routes, as the following table makes clear:
If we compare headways, (see table above,) we see that LeeTran's present system has headways of 20.83 minutes, 97 minutes, 42.5 minutes, 67.5 minutes, 85 minutes, 122 minutes and so on. This guarantees that buses will never align nor be in synchronous harmony with each other! Next to LeeTran's numbers are the numbers for the Pulse Plan, where all routes are in multiples of 60 minutes. This why the Pulse System is the superior system because there is an order and a rationale in the designing of routes to meet with one another. It is simply irrational to spend millions of dollars to improve frequency without at the same time addressing how those routes can best line up with each other. We'll discuss this further on the next page.